Mahler, Gustav

(1860–1911)
   Of Jewish extraction and born in the kingdom of Bohemia, part of today’s Czech Republic, Mahler excelled as a director and a composer. During his conservatory studies in Vienna, where he studied privately with Anton Bruckner, Mahler was part of a circle of young intellectuals that included social reformers such as Engelbert Pernerstorfer and Viktor Adler. Though their future careers followed somewhat different paths, all were much under the intellectual and aesthetic spell of the composer Richard Wagner and the philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche. Mahler occasionally turned to the latter for texts, which he incorporated into his music, such as the Third Symphony.
   After holding a number of musical positions in cities throughout the Austro–Hungarian Empire and in Germany, in 1897 Mahler became director of what is today the Vienna State Opera. For the next 10 years, the house flourished as he devoted himself to bringing the finest singers to the Habsburg capital. He expanded the repertory as well. Mahler also conducted the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra between 1898 and 1901. Impatience with Viennese artistic politics took him to New York in 1908, where he conducted the orchestra of the Metropolitan Opera; in 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra as well. Ill health brought him back to Vienna in 1911.
   Mahler’s musical corpus was neither as large nor as varied as that of many of his contemporaries, not to mention his predecessors in the German tradition. He did some of his most significant composing during summer holidays from his other musical duties. Nevertheless, his work was original, was sometimes gargantuan in proportion, and can be deeply moving. Along with some important vocal composition, Mahler finished nine symphonies during his lifetime. He left a substantial draft of a 10th, which has now been realized. Much of the writing is hyper-personal, often reflecting the joys and the many strains of his tempestuous marriage in 1902 to Alma Maria Schindler (1879–1964), the daughter of a noted Viennese painter. She would later become the wife of the German Bauhaus architect Walter Gropius and finally of the novelist Franz Werfel (1890–1945).
   See also Music.

Historical dictionary of Austria. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MAHLER, GUSTAV — (1860–1911), composer and conductor. Born in Kalischt, Bohemia, Mahler began his career as a conductor of operettas in Bad Hall. He rose through positions in Ljubljana, Olomouc, Kassel, Prague, Leipzig, Budapest, and Hamburg and progressed to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mahler, Gustav — born July 7, 1860, Kaliště, Bohemia, Austrian Empire died May 18, 1911, Vienna, Austria Austrian Jewish composer and conductor. He attended the Vienna Conservatory, where he studied piano and composition. He wrote his first significant work, the… …   Universalium

  • Mahler, Gustav — (1860–1911)    Austrian composer and conductor. For a decade from 1897 Mahler was the celebrated music director of the Imperial Opera in Vienna, an appointment for which he was required to accept baptism as a Catholic. He was later a guest… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Mahler,Gustav — Mah·ler (mäʹlər), Gustav. 1860 1911. Austrian composer and conductor of the Vienna State Opera House (1897 1907) whose completed works, most notably Das Lied von der Erde (1908) and Symphony Number 9 (1909), are unrestricted by conventional… …   Universalium

  • Mahler, Gustav — (1860 1911)    Austrian musician. Born in Kalischt, Bohemia, he studied at the Vienna Conservatory and worked in several operatic companies in Kassel, Prague and Leipzig. He later became musical director of the Budapest Opera and at the Hamburg… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Mahler, Gustav — ► (1860 1911) Compositor austríaco. En 1880 inició su actividad como compositor con El canto del dolor. Compuso también una colección de lieder (Cantos de un pequeño errante) con acompañamiento orquestal. En 1888 acabó su Primera sinfonía llamada …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mahler — Mahler, Gustav …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gustav Mahler — Mahler redirects here. For the 1974 film, see Mahler (film). For other people with the surname, see Mahler (surname). Gustav Mahler, photographed in 1907 at the end of his period as …   Wikipedia

  • Gustav Mahler — (1892) Gustav Mahler (* 7. Juli 1860 in Kalischt, Böhmen; † 18. Mai 1911 in Wien) war ein österreichischer Komponist im Übergang von der Spätromantik zur Moderne. Er war nicht nur einer der bedeuten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gustav Mahler — «Mahler» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Mahler (desambiguación). Gustav Mahler Gustav Mahler en 1909 …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.